Benjamin Bloom an American educational psychologist laid down a concept with the intention of providing skills to the students rather than the content. This concept is being widely used in the foreign countries and has effectively changed the quality of education provided to the students. The aim shifts from teacher-oriented classroom to student-oriented classroom.
Bloom’s Taxonomy is a classification on the basis of three domains for teaching and learning purposes. The three domains are: Cognitive domain (mental skills), affective domain (emotions and feelings) and psycho-motor domain (physical skills).
This blog focusses on the Cognitive domain. It allows the faculties to mould the syllabus based on the students’ needs or abilities. This would help the students to grasp and reproduce the knowledge.
The six levels identified are:
Deals with exhibiting the quality of recollecting the facts, terms or basic concepts that have already been shared or taught. For helping the students remember the faculties can use the following methods like:
- Recollect facts or statistics
- Everyday revisions
This step deals with interpretation of knowledge that the student remembers. The knowledge can be construed differently by every individual. For helping the students remember the faculties can use the following methods like:
- Give a current scenario or statement and ask the explanation.
- Create examples or metaphors.
Application deals with applying the acquired knowledge in situations as and when required.it also can be used for communication and relationship purposes. For helping the students remember the faculties can use the following methods like:
- Giving team projects.
- Assessing through tests.
Analysis is the step in which the information is broken down and processed. Identifying motives and causes or unprompted use of abstraction. Performing SWOT analysis is one such example.
This step deals with making judgements about the value of ideas or materials. The students would be urged to profess new predictions or theories based on the given facts. Evaluating critical thinking, strategic outputs etc.
Creating deals with the production of a prototype either on paper or digitally. This helps the students to use the information gathered to be organized in a different way. The knowledge learnt here are applied in real life.
The taxonomy can be easily inculcated in the Indian education system. Education is evolving and this would help in focussing on the students and the tips above could be used as guidelines. The focus should be on how the curriculum could be taught in a way that the students are able to remember and reproduce.
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